Immunizations work by introducing small amounts of bacteria or virus (either dead or alive) into the body so the immune system can start to build the antibodies that are needed to fight off the disease if the person is ever exposed to it. Many childhood diseases have almost been completely wiped out through the use of immunizations. Polio, measles, mumps, and rubella are just a few of the childhood diseases that no longer pose a large threat to the population. Although cases still occur, they are easily controlled due to the number of people who have been immunized. There are no immunizations for chicken pox, HPV, and the flu that individuals can receive to help control these illnesses as well.
Anyone can receive immunizations. Many adults receive booster shots to help maintain the benefits offered by the immunizations they received as children. There are also new vaccines that can be extremely beneficial. The chicken pox vaccine, as well as those for the HPV and flu viruses, can help to prevent a person from getting sick or exhibiting signs of certain illnesses. Because the Influenza virus changes from year to year, doctors recommend their patients get vaccinated each and every year to ensure they have the antibodies they need to prevent them from coming down with the virus.
Doctors recommend adults get a flu shot each year. The influenza virus changes and mutates from year to year. This means that it can become more difficult to treat with each passing year. It also means that the virus may become resistant to many types of medications. Small children and the elderly, as well as individuals who have a depressed immune system, can become quite ill if exposed to the flu virus. Being immunized protects a person from the virus by helping their body build up a resistance. Not only does this keep the person from getting seriously ill, it helps them to build immunities they will need in the future.
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