Hypothyroidism is common in many individuals. When the thyroid gland is underactive, it does not produce enough thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland is responsible for all of the metabolic processes that take place in the body. When the gland becomes sluggish and doesn't produce enough thyroid hormone, the metabolic processes throughout the body begin to slow down. Blood sugar is not metabolized properly, cells and tissues in the body do not get the nutrients they need, and your heartbeat and body temperature begin to fluctuate. Because the body does not process fuel the way it should, a person begins to gain weight and their level of energy begins to drop.
An underactive thyroid gland or one that has become diseased will not produce enough thyroid hormone to sustain the body's needs. If this occurs, doctors will prescribe a synthetic thyroid supplement known as T4. The pill must be taken every day to ensure the body has what it needs to maintain all of its metabolic processes. If a person must take synthetic thyroid hormone, they will also have to have their hormone levels checked on a regular basis. Several different factors can disrupt the uptake of synthetic thyroid hormones. The doctor needs to know what herbs, medications, and over the counter remedies you are taking so they can ensure you are receiving the proper dosage at all times.
The lack of thyroid hormone that is caused by hypothyroidism can lead to many different health problems. Because thyroid hormone is responsible for almost every metabolic process that takes place in the human body, the list of complications is quite extensive. A few of the most common complications of hypothyroidism include infertility, depression, joint problems, diabetes, obesity, and a wide array of health problems. If left untreated for long periods of time, the condition can become so severe that a person's body temperature can drop dangerously low, leading to a coma and even death.
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