Hypertension can have several causes. A person's blood that is thicker than it should be due to excessive amounts of lipids and fats can make it more difficult for the heart to pump it through the blood vessels. As a person ages, their veins can become harder and less flexible, combining that with the thickening of the blood can put stress on the heart, increasing a person's blood pressure. The longer a person's heart has to struggle to pump the blood through the body, the weaker it becomes. Blood thinners are often used to help thin the blood and allow it flow through the circulatory system without any issues. Exercise may also prove to be somewhat beneficial in helping the heart regain its strength as long as it doesn't place undue stress or strain on the muscle.
Although treating hypertension with medication is advisable, many people may work to make substantial lifestyle changes in an attempt to regain their health. Eating a diet that includes substantial amounts of fiber, while limiting fats and cholesterol can help to thin the blood, making it easier to travel through the blood vessels. Exercise can also offer benefits, as well. When a person suffers from hypertension, the heart must struggle to pump the blood throughout the body. Exercise burns calories and helps to strengthen the muscles of the body. Since the heart is a muscle, it will also reap the benefits as long as the patient doesn't over do it or stress the body.
If hypertension is left untreated, the heart may become so weak that it is no longer able to function. The increase in fats and lipids that continually flow through the blood, may lead to blockages in the arteries near the heart, again weakening the heart. If the heart does not receive fresh blood, it will begin to atrophy and scar tissue will begin to develop. Over time, this can lead to congestive heart failure, or in very severe cases, a heart attack. Hypertension can also affect the blood vessels that supply the brain with much-needed oxygen. If this continues to be a problem, the person may end up suffering from a stroke that causes paralysis or even death.
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