Allergy testing is performed in different ways. When it comes to food allergies, the elimination diet is often used. For other types of allergies, the skin prick and intradermal test are used. During a skin-prick test, several small lesions are created and an allergen is placed over each small welt. With an intradermal test, a small TB needle is used to inject a small amount of an allergen underneath the skin. During either of these tests, if a reaction appears, the person is said to have an allergic reaction. Most reactions of this type will occur in approximately 10 to 15 minutes, depending on the severity of the allergy. The degree of reaction that occurs will determine what type of dosage that is prescribed for the patient.
The type of allergy treatment that is offered to a patient will be determined by what type of allergy the person has. Food allergies are controlled by avoiding the known allergen as well as any foods that may contain the allergen as one of its ingredients. For other types of allergies, the doctor may recommend either an oral allergy maintenance program or a schedule of allergy shots. Sublingual-oral medications are common due to their fast acting nature. Placed under the tongue, they dissolve quickly and can provide almost immediate relief. Allergy shots are given on a weekly or bi-weekly schedule that helps to build a maintenance dose to control allergy reactions and symptoms.
Allergy testing only needs to be performed once every ten years or so. In some cases, only one time is necessary. The maintenance schedule that is created once a person's allergens are known can go on indefinitely, however. Once a person is on the maintenance dosage for their allergy serum for a specific length of time, their allergies may change. While this can take several years to alter a person's allergies, it can happen. If a person's allergy shots no longer seem to be working or a person begins to experience fewer than normal symptoms, they may need to be tested one more time so that their allergy serums can be adjusted.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!